Chernenko, Konstantin Ustinovich


Chernenko, Konstantin Ustinovich
(1911–1985)
   Politician.
   Born to a miner and a farmer in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Chernenko joined the Komsomol youth organization in the mid-1920s. After gaining membership in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), he took a number of positions in the area of propaganda, first on the Sino-Soviet border and then in Moldova. He soon became a protégé of Leonid Brezhnev, ultimately serving as his chief of staff after 1960.
   Despite the recommendation of Yury Andropov that Mikhail Gorbachev succeed him as Soviet premier, Chernenko maneuvered himself into the top position upon Andropov’s death in 1984. However, Chernenko was already quite ill by this point, and called upon Gorbachev to represent him at many Politburo meetings. During his 13-month reign as general secretary of the CPSU, Chernenko accomplished little, though he effectively negated Andropov’s attempts at economic acceleration (uskoreniie>). On the international front, he made the decision to boycott the 1984 Olympiad in Los Angeles, in what most viewed as retaliation for the United States–led boycott of the 1980 Moscow games in protest of the initiation of the Soviet-Afghan War. By early 1985, Chernenko suffered from a variety of illnesses, including hepatitis. He died of heart failure on 10 March 1985; Gorbachev replaced him as premier within a day.
   See also Foreign relations; Sport.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Chernenko, Konstantin Ustinovich — ▪ president of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics born Sept. 11 [Sept. 24, New Style], 1911, Bolshaya Tes, Yeniseysk, Russian Empire [now in Krasnoyarsk kray, Russia] died March 10, 1985, Moscow       chief political leader of the Soviet Union… …   Universalium

  • Chernenko, Konstantin (Ustinovich) — born Sept. 11, 1911, Bolshaya Tes, Yeniseysk, Russian Empire died March 10, 1985, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet leader. He joined the Communist Party in 1931 and rose through the ranks to become Leonid Brezhnev s chief of staff (1964). He was a …   Universalium

  • Chernenko, Konstantín (Ustínovich) — (11 sep. 1911, Bolsháia Tes, Yeniseysk, Imperio ruso–10 mar. 1985, Moscú, Rusia, URSS). Líder soviético. Se incorporó al partido comunista en 1931 y ascendió hasta convertirse en jefe de gabinete de Leonid Brézhnev (1964). Fue miembro pleno del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Konstantín Chernenko — Константин Устинович Черненко Konstantín Chernenko Secretario General del Partido Comunista de la Unión Soviética …   Wikipedia Español

  • Konstantin — (as used in expressions) Chernenko Konstantin Ustinovich Neurath Konstantin baron von Pobedonostsev Konstantin Petrovich Rokossovsky Konstantin Konstantinovich Stanislavsky Konstantin Sergeyevich Konstantin Sergeyevich Alekseyev * * * …   Universalium

  • Konstantín — (as used in expressions) Chernenko, Konstantín (Ustínovich) Pobiedonóstsev, Konstantín (Petróvich) Rokossovski, Konstantín (Konstantínovich) Stanislavski, Konstantín (Serguéievich) Konstantín Serguéievich Alexéiev …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Konstantin Chernenko — Константин Черненко General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union In office 13 February 1984 – 10 March 1985 …   Wikipedia

  • Konstantín Chernenko — Konstantín Ustínovich Chernenko (Константин Устинович Черненко) (24 de septiembre de 1911 10 de marzo de 1985) fue un político soviético y Secretario General del PCUS que dirigió la Unión Soviética desde el 12 de febrero de 1984 hasta su muerte… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chernenko — [chir nyen′kō] Konstantin (Ustinovich) [kän stən tēn′] 1911 85; general secretary of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R. (1984 85) * * * …   Universalium

  • Chernenko — [chir nyen′kō] Konstantin (Ustinovich) [kän stən tēn′] 1911 85; general secretary of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R. (1984 85) …   English World dictionary